An enhanced functional ability questionnaire (faVIQ) to measure the impact of rehabilitation services on the visually impaired
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Supported by the Royal National Institute of the Blind, UK (No.226227)
Conflicts of Interest: Wolffsohn JS, None; Jackson J, None; Hunt OA, None; Cottriall C, None; Lindsay J, None; Gilmour R, None; Sinclair A, None; Harper R, None.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS: Simon Lannon who co-ordinated the data collection and the Royal National Institute for the Blind who helped to coordinated the focus groups.

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    AIM:To develop a short, enhanced functional ability Quality of Vision (faVIQ) instrument based on previous questionnaires employing comprehensive modern statistical techniques to ensure the use of an appropriate response scale, items and scoring of the visual related difficulties experienced by patients with visual impairment.METHODS:Items in current quality-of-life questionnaires for the visually impaired were refined by a multi-professional group and visually impaired focus groups. The resulting 76 items were completed by 293 visually impaired patients with stable vision on two occasions separated by a month. The faVIQ scores of 75 patients with no ocular pathology were compared to 75 age and gender matched patients with visual impairment.RESULTS:Rasch analysis reduced the faVIQ items to 27. Correlation to standard visual metrics was moderate (r=0.32-0.46) and to the NEI-VFQ was 0.48. The faVIQ was able to clearly discriminate between age and gender matched populations with no ocular pathology and visual impairment with an index of 0.983 and 95% sensitivity and 95% specificity using a cut off of 29.CONCLUSION:The faVIQ allows sensitive assessment of quality-of-life in the visually impaired and should support studies which evaluate the effectiveness of low vision rehabilitation services.

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James Stuart Wolffsohn, Jonathan Jackson, Olivia Anne Hunt, et al. An enhanced functional ability questionnaire (faVIQ) to measure the impact of rehabilitation services on the visually impaired. Int J Ophthalmol, 2014,7(1):77-85

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  • Received:May 31,2013
  • Revised:October 25,2013
  • Adopted:October 25,2013
  • Online: February 20,2014
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