Citation:Moïse MM,Benjamin LM,Doris TM,Dalida KN,Augustin NO.Role of Mediterranean diet, tropical vegetables rich in antioxidants, and sunlight exposure in blindness, cataract and glaucoma among African type 2 diabetics.Int J Ophthalmol 2012;5(2):231-237,doi:10.3980/j.issn.2222-3959.2012.02.23
Role of Mediterranean diet, tropical vegetables rich in antioxidants, and sunlight exposure in blindness, cataract and glaucoma among African type 2 diabetics
Received:December 22, 2011  Revised:March 27, 2012
Email this Article  Add to Favorites  Print
DOI:10.3980/j.issn.2222-3959.2012.02.23
Key Words:type 2 diabetes mellitus  Mediterranean diet  blindness  cataract  Africa
Fund Project:
              
AuthorInstitution
Mvitu Muaka Moïse University of Kinshasa, Department of Ophthalmology
Longo-Mbenza Benjamin Walter Sisulu University, Faculty of Health Sciences, South Africa
Tulomba Mona Doris Biostatistics Unit, Lomo Medical Center and Heart of Africa Center of Cardiology, Kinshasa, DR Congo
Kibokela Ndembe Dalida Biostatistics Unit, Lomo Medical Center and Heart of Africa Center of Cardiology, Kinshasa, DR Congo
Nge Okwe Augustin Biostatistics Unit, Lomo Medical Center and Heart of Africa Center of Cardiology, Kinshasa, DR Congo
Hits: 2458
Download times: 684
Abstract:
      AIM: To assess whether regular Mediterranean diet and regular intake of vegetables may reduce the risk of blindness, cataract, and glaucoma in these type 2 diabetics.

    

    METHODS: A cross-sectional design was carried out among known black diabetics admitted at the diabetic clinics of Kinshasa, between October 2008 and March 2009. The Mediterranean-style dietary score (MSDPS) was used to characterize a Mediterranean-style dietary pattern in the study population using the Harvard semi quantitative FFQ adapted for Africa.

    

    RESULTS: Five hundred Type 2 diabetic patients were included in this study (48% of males; 40% aged ≥60 years). There was a significant association between blindness, cataract and aging; between blindness (P<0.05), cataract (P<0.05), glaucoma (P<0.05), and physical inactivity; between blindness (P<0.05), cataract (P<0.0001), glaucoma (P<0.01) and high SES, and a very significant association between blindness (P<0.0001), cataract (P<0.0001), glaucoma (P<0.0001) and exposure to sunlight. There was also a significant association between blindness, glaucoma, and male sex. Regular intake of Mediterranean diet, Brassica Rapa, beans, Abelmoschus, Musa acuminata reduced significantly the risk of blindness, cataract and glaucoma.

    

    CONCLUSION: Regular intake of Mediterranean diet, Brassica Rapa, beans, Abelmoschus, and Musa acuminata may significantly reduce the risk of blindness or its major causes among type 2 diabetes mellitus in Africa.

Supplementary Material
PDF Fulltext  Download reader  View/Add Comment