Citation:Sun Y,Deng YP,Wang L,Huang YZ,Qiu LM.Comparisons of morphologic characteristics between thin-flap LASIK and SBK.Int J Ophthalmol 2012;5(3):338-342,doi:10.3980/j.issn.2222-3959.2012.03.17
Comparisons of morphologic characteristics between thin-flap LASIK and SBK
Received: October 28, 2011  Revised: April 13, 2012
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DOI:10.3980/j.issn.2222-3959.2012.03.17
Key Words:Sub-Bowman  keratomileusis  flap thickness
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Yi Sun Department of Ophthalmology, West Hospital of China, Chengdu 610041, Sichuan Province, China 
Ying-Ping Deng Department of Ophthalmology, West Hospital of China, Chengdu 610041, Sichuan Province, China 
Lin Wang Department of Ophthalmology, West Hospital of China, Chengdu 610041, Sichuan Province, China 
Yong-Zhi Huang Department of Ophthalmology, West Hospital of China, Chengdu 610041, Sichuan Province, China 
Le-Mei Qiu Department of Ophthalmology, West Hospital of China, Chengdu 610041, Sichuan Province, China 
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Abstract:
      AIM: To compare the morphologic characteristics between thin-flap laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) and Sub-Bowman keratomileusis (SBK), and to evaluate the uniformity of flap and to explore the correlative factors of corneal flap thickness.

    METHODS: A prospective, randomized, comparative clinical study was performed in Department of Ophthalmology, West Hospital of China, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China. Totally 59 patients 114 eyes underwent LASIK or SBK to correct myopia, 29 patients 57 eyes underwent SBK, 30 patients 57 eyes underwent LASIK. Anterior optical coherence tomography(OCT) was used to measure corneal flap thickness in all the patients 1 week after surgeries, 16 positions were set to be measured in each eye. Comparisons of flap thickness in each group and between 2 groups were evaluated. Correlative factors of flap thickness were evaluated.

    RESULTS: Coefficient of variation(CV, s/x ×%)in SBK group were lesser than that in LASIK group, t test showed there was significant statistical difference between 2 groups(P=0.000). Comparisons of the difference of 2 paired positions(temporal-nasal; superior-inferior) showed there were no significant differences in each group, but between 2 groups , there were statistical significance of value of difference (D-value) of superior and inferior positions between SBK and LASIK group(P=0.036). Linear regression analysis of correlative factors of flap thickness showed there were no statistic significances related to central corneal thickness(CCT)(P=0.060, t=1.921) and corneal curvature(P=0.083, t=1.766).

    CONCLUSION: SBK is better than LASIK in creating much uniform corneal flap. There was no evidence showing correlations between flap thickness and CCT or corneal curvature.

PMC FullText Html:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3388404/
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