Citation:Ilhan HD,Bilgin AB,?etinkaya A,Unal M,Yucel I.Epidemiological and clinical features of paediatric open globe injuries in southwestern Turkey.Int J Ophthalmol 2013;6(6):855-860,doi:10.3980/j.issn.2222-3959.2013.06.20
Epidemiological and clinical features of paediatric open globe injuries in southwestern Turkey
Received:July 23, 2013  Revised:August 28, 2013
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DOI:10.3980/j.issn.2222-3959.2013.06.20
Key Words:childhood; epidemiology; open globe injury; prevention; visual acuity
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Hatice Deniz Ilhan Department of Ophthalmology, Akdeniz University, Antalya 07059, Turkey
Ahmet Burak Bilgin Department of Ophthalmology, Akdeniz University, Antalya 07059, Turkey
Asl? ?etinkaya Department of Ophthalmology, Akdeniz University, Antalya 07059, Turkey
Mustafa Unal Department of Ophthalmology, Akdeniz University, Antalya 07059, Turkey
Iclal Yucel Department of Ophthalmology, Akdeniz University, Antalya 07059, Turkey
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Abstract:
      AIM:To evaluate the epidemiologic, anatomic, and clinical features of open globe injuries in children.

    METHODS: The medical files of patients under the age of 16 who had been operated for an open globe injury at Akdeniz University Hospital’s Department of Ophthalmology were retrospectively evaluated.

    RESULTS: A total of 90 patients were evaluated in this study. Among these patients, 26 (28.9%) were female and 64 (71.1%) were male. The mean age of the patients was 7.7±4.2 years. The male/female ratio was observed to increase with increasing age (P=0.006, r=7.48). Injuries were most likely to occur in spring and autumn (P=0.028). The time interval between the injury and the surgical repair was 9.36±27.4h. Forty (44.4%) of the injuries occurred in the home, 27 (30%) occurred in the yard, and 21 (23.3%) happened while playing in the street. The most common causes of injury were sharp metal objects (P<0.001). Injury to the cornea occurred in 47 (52.2%) of the patients (P<0.001). The most common complication to occur was cataract formation. Additional operations were necessary for 37 (41.1%) of the patients. The final visual acuity was correlated with both the initial visual acuity of the wounded eye prior to surgery and the length of the wound (P<0.001, r=0.502 and P<0.001, r=-0.442, respectively).

    CONCLUSION:Open globe injuries that are suffered in childhood generally occur either at home, in the yard, or on the street, with sharp metal objects being the most common cause of injury. The initial visual acuity and the length of the wound are the most important determinants of the final visual acuity.

PMC FullText Html:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3874528/
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