Citation:Chen J,Lin ZN,Tao YT,Zhao QN,Li Q,Yang H,Xu P,Chen JM,Ma XQ,Cui HP.Influences of personality characteristics and coping modes on anxiety in primary glaucoma patients.Int J Ophthalmol 2019;12(7):1163-1169,doi:10.18240/ijo.2019.07.18
Influences of personality characteristics and coping modes on anxiety in primary glaucoma patients
Received:May 08, 2018  Revised:April 02, 2019
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DOI:10.18240/ijo.2019.07.18
Key Words:glaucoma  anxiety  personality characteristics  coping modes
Fund Project:Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.81870634).
                             
AuthorInstitution
Jie Chen Department of Ophthalmology, Shanghai East Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai , China
Ze-Nan Lin Department of Ophthalmology, Eberhard-Karls University Tuebingen, Tuebingen 72074, Germany
Yan-Ting Tao Department of Ophthalmology, Shanghai Punan Hospital of Pudong New District, Shanghai , China
Qing-Ning Zhao Department of Ophthalmology, Shanghai East Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai , China
Qian Li Department of Ophthalmology, Shanghai East Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai , China
Hai Yang Department of Ophthalmology, Shanghai East Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai , China
Ping Xu Department of Ophthalmology, Shanghai East Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai , China
Jian-Mei Chen Department of Ophthalmology, Shanghai East Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai , China
Xi-Quan Ma Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Shanghai East Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai , China
Hong-Ping Cui Department of Ophthalmology, Shanghai East Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai , China
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Abstract:
      AIM: To examine the influences of personality characteristics and coping modes on the anxiety of primary glaucoma patients.

    METHODS: A total of 200 individuals, including 50 with primary angle-closure glaucoma, 60 with primary open angle glaucoma and 90 control participants, filled out the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, NEO Five-Factor Inventory, and Medical Coping Modes Questionnaire. Sociodemographic information was also collected. Data were analyzed via the Spearman rank correlation test and stepwise regression.

    RESULTS: The personality and coping variables are predictive and jointly account for a significant amount (45.3%-54.2%) of variance across the two subscales of anxiety measures. Notably, neuroticism seems to be most closely related to anxiety disturbances in glaucoma patients. The level of resignation is positively linked to anxiety scores.

    CONCLUSION: Some personality factors and coping modes help to predict the process of anxiety disorders in primary glaucoma patients. Recognizing the predictive role of these variables in the patients may further enrich clinical research in glaucoma and help to design more effective interventions involving both ophthalmology and psychiatry.

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