Citation:Zhang YH,Xing YQ,Chen Z,Ma XC,Lu Q.Association between interleukin-10 genetic polymorphisms and risk of primary open angle glaucoma in a Chinese Han population: a case-control study.Int J Ophthalmol 2019;12(10):1605-1611,doi:10.18240/ijo.2019.10.13
Association between interleukin-10 genetic polymorphisms and risk of primary open angle glaucoma in a Chinese Han population: a case-control study
Received:April 20, 2019  Revised:July 04, 2019
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DOI:10.18240/ijo.2019.10.13
Key Words:primary open angle glaucoma  IL-10  polymorphism  haplotype
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Yi-Hui Zhang Department of Ophthalmology, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan , Hubei Pronvince, China; Ophthalmology Department of Inner Mongolia People’s Hospital, Hohhot , Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China
Yi-Qiao Xing Department of Ophthalmology, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan , Hubei Pronvince, China
Zhen Chen Department of Ophthalmology, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan , Hubei Pronvince, China
Xiao-Cheng Ma Ophthalmology Department of Inner Mongolia People’s Hospital, Hohhot , Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China
Qiang Lu Ophthalmology Department of Inner Mongolia People’s Hospital, Hohhot , Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China
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Abstract:
      AIM: To investigate the association between interleukin-10 (IL-10) genetic polymorphisms and risk of POAG through a case-control study in a Han population of China.

    METHODS: A total of 210 patients with POAG and 420 normal subjects were recruited during the period from Dec. 2013 to Dec. 2016. The IL-10 -1082A>G (rs1800870), -819T>C (rs1800871) and -592C>A (rs1800872) polymorphisms were determined using iPlex GOLD SNP genotyping analysis (the SequenomMassARRAY? System, Sequenom, San Diego, USA). The association between IL-10 -1082A>G (rs1800870), -819T>C (rs1800871), and -592C>A (rs1800872) polymorphisms and risk of POAG was assessed by singlelogistic regression analysis.

    RESULTS: We observed that those carrying the CC genotype of rs1800871 was associated with an increased risk of POAG when compared with those harboring the TT genotype (OR=1.84, 95%CI=1.01-3.38). Those with AA genotype of rs1800872 had a 10.62 fold risk of POAG in comparison to the CC genotype (OR=10.62, 95%CI, 3.41-33.09). A completely linkage disequilibrium was found between IL-10 rs1800871-rs1800872 (D’=1.00, r2=0.16). The A-C-A (OR=2.60, 95%CI, 1.48-4.58) and G-T-A (OR=2.34, 95%CI, 1.42-3.86) haplotypes were associated with an increased risk of POAG, while the A-T-C haplotype showed a decreased risk of POAG (OR=0.63, 95%CI, 0.49-0.81).

    CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that IL-10 rs1800871 and rs1800872 can be predictive factors for the pathogenesis of POAG in the Chinese population.

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