Citation:Najmi H,Mobarki Y,Mania K,Altowairqi B,Basehi M,Mahfouz MS,Elmahdy M.The correlation between keratoconus and eye rubbing: a review.Int J Ophthalmol 2019;12(11):1775-1781,doi:10.18240/ijo.2019.11.17
The correlation between keratoconus and eye rubbing: a review
Received:October 24, 2018  Revised:March 22, 2019
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DOI:10.18240/ijo.2019.11.17
Key Words:keratoconus  eye rubbing  keratoconus risk factors
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Hatim Najmi Department of Ophthalmology, King Fahad Hospital of the University, Al Khobar 34445, Saudi Arabia
Yara Mobarki King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
Khalid Mania King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
Bashaer Altowairqi King Fahad Central Hospital, Jazan 45142, Saudi Arabia
Mohammed Basehi Department of Emergency, King Fahad Hospital of the University, Al Khobar 34445, Saudi Arabia
Mohammed Salih Mahfouz Department of Family and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Jazan University, Jazan 45142, Saudi Arabia
Mona Elmahdy Department of Family and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Jazan University, Jazan 45142, Saudi Arabia
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Abstract:
      Keratoconus is a non-inflammatory disorder which is gradual in development; corneal thinning and ectatic protrusion characterizes it. Keratoconus prevalence varies between different regions depending on several factors that affecting its prevalence. There are risk factors for developing keratoconus such as demographic and environmental factors. It was suggested that eye rubbing was associated with the development of keratoconus. The main aim of this review was to summarize the literature data about keratoconus and to identify the role of eye-rubbing in the aetiology of the disease. A number of 24 articles was reviewed through the PubMed, Google Scholar and Research Gates. There are many keywords used such as keratoconus, aetiology of keratoconus, eye rubbing, keratoconus prevalence, keratoconus and eye rubbing correlation. We concluded that eye rubbing causes the thinning of keratocyte, and the degree of effect of eye rubbing depends on the period and force of performing eye rubbing. It is recommended to avoid eye rubbing to prevent keratoconus, this can be achieved by avoiding itching and treating dryness of the eye and avoiding wearing eye lenses.
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