Citation:Hwang HS, Lee HJ, Lee SJ, Kim J. Visual outcomes after three different surgical procedures for correction of refractive error in patients with thin corneas. Int J Ophthalmol 2020;13(6):970-977,doi:10.18240/ijo.2020.06.18
Visual outcomes after three different surgical procedures for correction of refractive error in patients with thin corneas
Received:March 02, 2019  Revised:December 08, 2019
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Key Words:small incision lenticule extraction  thin cornea  laser assisted sub-epithelial keratomileusis  collagen-cross linking  visual acuity  myopia
Fund Project:
Hye Seong Hwang Department of Ophthalmology, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Chunbguk 28644, Republic of Korea
Hyun Jeong Lee Korean Minjok Leadership Academy, Hoengseong, Gangwon 25268, Republic of Korea
Seong Jun Lee Nuri Eye Clinic, Daejeon 35234, Republic of Korea
Jae-Hyung Kim Seoul Daabom Eye Center, Cheoungju, Chungbuk 28644, Republic of Korea
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      AIM: To investigate and compare the visual and refractive outcomes of small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE), laser assisted sub-epithelial keratomileusis (LASEK), and LASEK combined with corneal collagen cross-linking (LASEK-CXL) surgery in patients with less than 500 μm of central corneal thickness (CCT).

    METHODS: The retrospective medical records review was conducted on the patients with CCT less than 500 μm treated with SMILE, LASEK, and LASEK-CXL. There was a total of 172 eyes, 76 eyes were in the SMILE group, 53 eyes in the LASEK group, and 43 eyes in the LASEK-CXL group. Uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), spherical equivalent refraction (SE), and corneal haze were followed up in the three groups for 12mo.

    RESULTS: At 12mo postoperatively, there were no statistically significant differences in UDVA and in the absolute value of SE between the three groups. The predictability within ±0.50 D in the SMILE group (85.5%) was significantly higher than in both the LASEK group (64.2%, P<0.01) and the LASEK-CXL group (69.8%, P=0.04). The efficacy index and safety index were not significantly different among the three groups. Corneal haze at 12mo postoperatively was higher in the LASEK-CXL group (27.9%) than in the SMILE group (2.6%, P<0.01) and in the LASEK group (7.5%, P<0.01).

    CONCLUSION: In patients with CCT less than 500 μm, SMILE, LASEK, and LASEK-CXL appear to be effective for myopic correction. Among them, SMILE surgery shows the highest predictability.

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