Citation:Zhao H,Shao Y,Wu SN,Tang LY,Zhang Q,Zhao C,Chen XY,Fu J.Characteristic of red eye related diseases of Han and Uygur population in Urumchi compared with Shanghai, China.Int J Ophthalmol 2022;15(7):1165-1173,doi:10.18240/ijo.2022.07.18
Characteristic of red eye related diseases of Han and Uygur population in Urumchi compared with Shanghai, China
Received:July 16, 2021  Revised:March 17, 2022
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DOI:10.18240/ijo.2022.07.18
Key Words:distribution  red-eye-related diseases  characteristic
Fund Project:Supported in part by the Medicine & Engineering Collaboration Research Fund of Shanghai Jiao Tong University (No.ZH2018QNB27).
                       
AuthorInstitution
Hui Zhao Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai , China
Yi Shao Department of Ophthalmology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Jiangxi Province Ocular Disease Clinical Research Center, Nanchang , Jiangxi Province, China
Shi-Nan Wu Department of Ophthalmology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Jiangxi Province Ocular Disease Clinical Research Center, Nanchang , Jiangxi Province, China
Li-Ying Tang Eye Institute of Xiamen University, Xiamen , Fujian Province, China
Qi Zhang Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai , China
Chen Zhao Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai , China
Xue-Yi Chen The First Affiliated Hospital of Xin Jiang Medical University, Urumqi , Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China
Jing Fu The First Affiliated Hospital of Xin Jiang Medical University, Urumqi , Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China
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Abstract:
      AIM: To study the characteristics, relative distribution and to compare causes of red eye in ophthalmic clinics in Urumchi and Shanghai, China.

    METHODS: Data on continuous cases of red-eye patients admitted to the Ophthalmology Center of Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University and the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University were collected between November 2018 and September 2019. Demographic data, the incidence of red eye and related disease distribution of all cases were obtained. The independent t-test method was used for age comparison, while the Chi-square test was used to compare classified data information.

    RESULTS: The information on 335 and 415 patients with red eyes in Shanghai and Urumchi were collected, respectively. The main causes of red eye were conjunctival disease and dry eye. The age of female patients with red eyes was significantly higher than that of males, and the proportion of female patients with dry eyes was also higher. Red-eye-related diseases occurred more frequently in patients over 46 years old than in those under 18, and dry eye was more common with increasing age. The incidence of infectious conjunctivitis in Urumchi was significantly higher than that in Shanghai, and allergic conjunctivitis occurred more frequently in spring, summer, or autumn than in winter (all P<0.05).

    CONCLUSION: Significant differences exist in the distribution of red-eye-related diseases in Urumchi and Shanghai regions of China, and distribution varies with age and season, the latter being an important feature of allergic conjunctivitis.

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