Citation:Németh J,Daiki T,Dankovics G,Barna I,Limburg H,Nagy ZZ.Prevalence of refractive errors in Hungary reveals three-fold increase in myopia.Int J Ophthalmol 2022;15(7):1174-1179,doi:10.18240/ijo.2022.07.19
Prevalence of refractive errors in Hungary reveals three-fold increase in myopia
Received:November 30, 2021  Revised:April 21, 2022
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DOI:10.18240/ijo.2022.07.19
Key Words:refractive errors  myopia  hyperopia  emmetropia  Hungary
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János Németh Department of Ophthalmology, Semmelweis University, Budapest 1085, Hungary; Comprehensive Health Test Program of Hungary, Szentendre 2000, Hungary
Tennó Daiki Comprehensive Health Test Program of Hungary, Szentendre 2000, Hungary; Department of Media and Education Informatics, E?tv?s Loránd University, Budapest 1053, Hungary
Gergely Dankovics Comprehensive Health Test Program of Hungary, Szentendre 2000, Hungary
István Barna Comprehensive Health Test Program of Hungary, Szentendre 2000, Hungary; st Department of Internal Medicine, Semmelweis University, Budapest 1083, Hungary
Hans Limburg Health Information Services, Grootebroek 1613LC, The Netherlands
Zoltán Zsolt Nagy Department of Ophthalmology, Semmelweis University, Budapest 1085, Hungary
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Abstract:
      AIM: To examine the prevalence and composition of refractive errors in Hungary.

    METHODS: Nationwide cross-sectional data collected between 2014 and 2019 were analysed from the Comprehensive Health Screening Program of Hungary, which provided spectacle dioptric power and autorefractometry data for 68 227 people (35 850 women and 32 377 men). Their age distribution, 18-99y, was similar to the national demographic distributions.

    RESULTS: Of the total population, 16.50% of the refractive errors exhibited hyperopia, 40.05% emmetropia, and 43.45% myopia. Myopia was 3 times more frequent (58.7%) in younger ages (18-35y of age) compared to older age groups (19.4% of those 56-70y of age; P<0.001). High myopia showed a low prevalence (0.21%), and an increase parallel with ageing (r=0.716; P=0.009).

    CONCLUSION: Myopia is the most frequent refractive error in Hungary. The prevalence of myopia is especially increased, up to 2-3 times, in the younger age groups. Nationwide actions need to be taken to reduce the onset of myopia and its associated consequences.

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