Citation:Wu X,Wang Y,Liu X,Li ZH,Deng LQ,Chen DS,Wang DJ.Outcomes of chronic angle-closure glaucoma treated by phacoemulsification and endocyclophotocoagulation with or without endoscopically goniosynechialysis.Int J Ophthalmol 2022;15(8):1273-1278,doi:10.18240/ijo.2022.08.08
Outcomes of chronic angle-closure glaucoma treated by phacoemulsification and endocyclophotocoagulation with or without endoscopically goniosynechialysis
Received:February 02, 2022  Revised:April 21, 2022
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DOI:10.18240/ijo.2022.08.08
Key Words:chronic angle-closure glaucoma  endocyclophotocoagulation  goniosynechialysis  phacoemulsification
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Xing Wu Senior Department of Ophthalmology, the Third Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing , China
Ying Wang Department of Ophthalmology, the First Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing , China
Xi Liu Department of Ophthalmology, Beijing Children’s Hospital, Capital Medical University, National Center for Children’s Health, Beijing , China
Zhao-Hui Li Senior Department of Ophthalmology, the Third Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing , China
Li-Qin Deng Senior Department of Ophthalmology, the Third Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing , China
Dai-Shi Chen Shenzhen People’s Hospital, the Second Clinical Medical College of Jinan University, the First Affiliate Hospital of Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen , Guangdong Province, China
Da-Jiang Wang Senior Department of Ophthalmology, the Third Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing , China
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Abstract:
      AIM: To investigate the surgical outcomes of patients with chronic angle-closure glaucoma (CACG) treated with phacoemulsification (phaco)/endocyclophotocoagulation (ECP) with and without endoscopic goniosynechialysis (E-GSL).

    METHODS: A retrospective, nonrandomized, comparative case series was conducted. Patients with CACG who underwent phaco in combination with either ECP alone (ECP group) or GSL with ECP (E-GSL group) from 2018 to 2019 were followed for 12mo and reviewed. Clinical features and outcomes were identified and analyzed. The ECP and E-GSL groups were matched in age and baseline intraocular pressure (IOP). Changes in IOP, mean of visual acuity (VA), peripheral anterior synechiae (PAS) formation, and the number of glaucoma medications was examined.

    RESULTS: The ECP group included 32 eyes of 27 patients, and the E-GSL group included 32 eyes of 26 patients. The preoperative baseline IOP was 22.18±6.48 mm Hg in the ECP group and 22.95±6.71 mm Hg in the E-GSL group (P=0.644). The mean IOP reduction was 26.2% in the ECP group and 41.6% in the E-GSL group at 12mo. The mean postoperative VA (logMAR units) at 12mo was 0.47 in the ECP group and 0.36 in the E-GSL group. The reduction in PAS formation and the number of glaucoma medications was also higher in the ECP group than E-GSL group at 12mo.

    CONCLUSION: The phaco/ECP and phaco/E-GSL groups both achieve a significant reduction in IOP without complications associated with traditional glaucoma filtration surgeries.

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