Citation:Lei JQ,Xie AM,Shi Q.Clinical presentation of a mixed 23-gauge infusion and 20-gauge pars plana technique for active silicone oil removal.Int J Ophthalmol 2012;5(5):600-604,doi:10.3980/j.issn.2222-3959.2012.05.11
Clinical presentation of a mixed 23-gauge infusion and 20-gauge pars plana technique for active silicone oil removal
Received:May 30, 2012  Revised:September 18, 2012
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DOI:10.3980/j.issn.2222-3959.2012.05.11
Key Words:silicone oil removal  23-gauge  hypotony
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Jian-Qin Lei Department of Ophthalmology, the First Affiliated Hospital of the Medical College of Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an , Shaanxi Province, China
An-Ming Xie Department of Ophthalmology, the First Affiliated Hospital of the Medical College of Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an , Shaanxi Province, China
Qiang Shi Department of Ophthalmology, the First Affiliated Hospital of the Medical College of Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an , Shaanxi Province, China
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Abstract:
      AIM: To present with a clinical case series of a mixed 23-gauge infusion and 20-gauge pars plana technique for 5,700-centipoise silicone oil removal (SOR), and to discuss its efficacy and safety.

    METHODS:This is a retrospective, non-randomized controlled study. We performed SOR with 23-gauge infusion and 20-gauge active suction technique on 29 patients 29 eyes from April to October, 2011 (mixed group). During the surgeries, a 23-gauge sclerotomy was made for infusion and a 20-gauge sclerotomy was used for active silicone oil suction. Anterior segment optical coherence tomography (OCT) was applied for 23-gauge sclerotomy analysis 1 day post-operation. Traditional 20-gauge SOR was performed on another consecutive 29 patients 29 eyes, the control group (20G group).

    RESULTS: There were 2 eyes (6.9%) in mixed group and 5 eyes (17.2%) in 20G group which had recurrent retinal detachment after surgery. Hopytony (IOP≤6mmHg) occurred in 8 eyes (27.6%) of mixed group and in 10 eyes (34.5%) of 20G group post-operation, but all of them recovered to the normal level finally. There were no statistical significant differences. Final visual acuity was significantly increased after surgery in both groups. Anterior segment OCT images were acquired from 13 eyes of mixed group, and all of them had a proper wound apposition. But local ciliary detachment was found in 9 eyes (69%). It was hard to define the OCT image of the sclerotomies and ciliary body because of the serious conjunctival hemorrhages and chemosis in 20G group.

    CONCLUSION:This mixed technique is a convenient and effective way to remove high viscosity silicone oil. Compared with traditional 20-gauge SOR, it does not increase the risk of post-operative complications and has less conjunctival reactions.. Transient postoperative hypotony is common for this procedure and subclinical ciliochoroidal detachment is a probable cause.

PMC FullText Html:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3484702/
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