Highlight Articles in Int J Ophthalmol Vol.13 No.9 2020

 

 

CLINICAL RESEARCH

Choroidal changes in eyes treated with high-dose systemic corticosteroids for optic neuritis

 

Jun Hyuk Lee, Ji Young Lee, Ho Ra, Nam Yeo Kang, Jiwon Baek

 

By enrolling unilateral optic neuritis, which accounts for most of the optic neuritis cases, and by comparing affected and fellow eyes, the study demonstrates the effects of systemic high-dose corticosteroid on choroidal morphology as well as the effect of the disease itself. A significant decrement in choroidal thickness (CT) and choroidal vascularity index (CVI) can appear after 3mo in optic neuritis patients treated with high-dose systemic corticosteroid treatment. The decrease in CVI appeared earlier than the decrease in CT, suggesting choroidal vasoconstriction caused by systemic steroid as a possible mechanism.

 

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全身性大剂量注射皮质类固醇治疗视神经炎的脉络膜变化

 

该研究以单侧视神经炎为研究对象,通过比较患侧眼和对侧眼,证实了全身性大剂量应用皮质类固醇对脉络膜形态的影响以及疾病本身的影响。视神经炎患者接受全身大剂量皮质类固醇治疗3个月后脉络膜厚度和脉络膜血管分布指数明显降低。脉络膜血管分布指数的降低早于脉络膜厚度的降低,表明系统性激素引起的脉络膜血管收缩可能是其机制之一。

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CLINICAL RESEARCH

Umbilical cord derived mesenchymal stem cell implantation in retinitis pigmentosa: a 6-month follow-up results of a phase 3 trial

 

Neslihan Sinim Kahraman, Ayse Oner

 

This study aims to investigate the efficacy and the safety of umbilical cord derived mesenchymal stem cell (UC-MSC) implantation in patients with retinitis pigmentosa (RP). This prospective, single-center, phase 3 clinical study enrolled 124 eyes of 82 RP patients. Ths results show that suprachoroidal administration of UC-MSCs has beneficial effect on BCVA, VF, and mfERG measurements during the 6-month follow-up period. Cell mediated therapy based on the secretion of growth factors (GFs) seems to be an effective and safe option for degenerative retinal diseases.

 

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脐带间充质干细胞植入治疗视网膜色素变性:一项为期6个月的3期临床试验随访结果

 

该研究旨在探讨脐带间充质干细胞植入治疗视网膜色素变性的有效性和安全性。这项前瞻性、单中心、三期临床研究共纳入82(124只眼)视网膜色素变性患者。研究结果显示,脉络膜上腔注射脐带间充质干细胞,6个月随访BCVAVFmfERG测量结果均有改善。基于生长因子分泌的细胞介导治疗视网膜退行性疾病是一种安全有效的治疗方法。

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CLINICAL RESEARCH

A new visual acuity test on touchpad for vision screening in children

 

Elsa Di Foggia, Noémie Stoll, Hélène Meunier, Adam Rimelé, Pascal Ance, Pierre-Henri Moreau, Claude Speeg-Schatz, Arnaud Sauer

 

This study validated a visual acuity (VA) test application on touchpad in the screening of pediatric population by comparing VA results obtained with conventional tests. The results showed touchpad application represents an efficient and valid test of VA in children with a high specificity to detect visual impairment. The use of the application could be expanded to public and allow families to perform VA tests at home as a pre-diagnosis tool. According to the results of the test, a message could be delivered informing about the need or not to seek for an ophthalmologist.

 

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一种用于儿童视力筛查的触屏视力测试方法

 

该研究比较了常规视力测试与触屏视力测试在儿童视力筛查中的有效性。结果表明,触屏视力测试是一种有效并且高效的儿童视力损伤检测方法,具有较高的特异性。该应用作为一种预诊断工具其使用可以得到普及,可在家中自行进行视力测试。根据测试结果,判断是否需要眼科医生的诊疗。

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INVESTIGATION

Effects of primary glaucoma on sleep quality and daytime sleepiness of patients residing at an equatorial latitude

 

Jacob YH Chin, Zhi Hong Toh, Ying Tai Lo, Hannah TY Wang, Elizabeth YW Poh, Chun Hau Chua, Owen Kim Hee, Boon Ang Lim, Vernon KY Yong, Augustinus Laude, Hon Tym Wong, Leonard WL Yip

 

The authors reported on the incidence of sleep disturbances amongst patients with primary glaucoma in the South-East Asian population. Recent studies have noted an association between poor sleep quality with severity of primary glaucoma and in this study, they added to the current paucity of literature amongst the Asian population. Despite being in an equatorial region with constant sunlight throughout the year, they found that patients with primary angle closure glaucoma (PACG) had sleep disturbances with poor sleep quality which could be related to disturbance of their circadian rhythm.

 

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原发性青光眼对赤道地区患者睡眠质量和日间嗜睡度的影响

 

作者报道了东南亚人群中原发性青光眼患者睡眠障碍的发生率。最新研究发现睡眠质量差与原发性青光眼的严重程度之间存在关联。该研究填补了亚洲人群相关研究的空白。研究发现,尽管处于赤道地区,全年阳光充足,原发性闭角型青光眼(PACG)患者依然存在睡眠障碍,睡眠质量差。这可能与他们的昼夜节律紊乱有关。

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